UK Scheme of Work

The Scheme of Work is related to available National Curricula. In England, these are written in more general terms for 14-16 years old children, compared with 11-14 years old children.

Related to England's Nation Curriculum for Lower Secondary Science (11-14 years old)

The Nature of Science
Pupils should have opportunities to be involved in individual, group and whole class activities. They should be given opportunities to study ideas and theories used in other times to explain natural phenomena and to relate such ideas and theories to present scientific and technological knowledge and understanding.
Education for Mutual Understanding/Cultural Heritage
Pupils should have opportunities to:
• appreciate that scientific methodology is international and that scientific laws transcend national boundaries;
• recognise that scientific knowledge and understanding has been accumulated through the work of people from many cultures and that scientists share an international culture and that no country can develop its science in isolation;
• refer, where appropriate, to the life and work of famous scientists, including Irish scientists, and to the historical development of important ideas in science.
Properties and Uses

Pupils should have opportunities to:
a understand the physical properties of gases and relate these to everyday uses, for example, gases are often stored under pressure because they can be compressed;
e understand classifications used in chemistry, including
• substances as solids, liquids and gases,
Kinetic Theory
Pupils should have opportunities to:
a learn that all matter is made up of small particles;
c understand the differences between solids, liquids and gases in terms of the proximity and motion of particles,
d understand changes of state, diffusion and dissolving in terms of simple kinetic theory, including that heat is required to increase the movement and separation of particles and that heat must be supplied to vaporise liquids and melt solids;

Pupils should have opportunities to:
Transfer and Conservation
b understand the distinction between temperature and thermal energy, that is know that temperature is a measure of how hot an object is and is measured in °C, while thermal energy is a measure of how much energy is needed to change the temperature of an object and is measured in joules;

Related to England's National Curriculum in Upper Secondary (14-16 years old)

How science works
Data, evidence, theories and explanations
Pupils should be taught:
a how scientific data can be collected and analysed
b how interpretation of data, using creative thought, provides evidence to test ideas and develop theories
c how explanations of many phenomena can be developed using scientific theories, models and ideas
d that there are some questions that science cannot currently answer, and some that science cannot address.