Work in Progress


Topic
HPS
Comments
Thermometry
Expansion of liquids and gases
Expansion of gases with balloon and flask in hot water
Manufacture of liquid thermometers
Manufacture of uniform bore tubes
KS3 Science Programme of Study
History:
Discovery of expansion of liquids
British Glass History of glass making
Book on discovery of liquids by Gay-Lussac
Wikipedia 4th century glass blowing
Philosophy:
Regularity (regular expansion of gases, and irregular expansion of liquids)
Idealisation of expansion of gases
Practical temperature measurement
Ideal gas measurement
Problem of distinguishing heat and temperature
Avoidance of whiggishness:
Historical problem of manufacture of uniform bore glass tubing
Historical problem of distinguishing heat and temperature
Learner material (in appropriate language):
Biography Gay-Lussac
Biography Fahrenheit
Biography Celcius
Science on line expansion of liquids
Wikipedia Fahrenheit
(and Anders Celsius here, including problems in type of water to be used)
History of temperature measurement
Wikipedia Kelvin scale
Teacher material (in addition to pupil material):
Historical problem of distinguishing between heat and temperature
Uneven glass expansion giving rise to problems of temperature measurement (here - Wikipedia)
Book - Inventing Temperature: Measurement and Scientific Progress (Oxford Studies in the Philosophy of Science)
Ideal temperature measurement and invention of Kelvin scale
Issues with melting and boiling points
Measurement of high and low values
Melting and boiling points as characteristic (and so to challenges of fixed values)
History:
Wikipedia History Melting Point Depression
NationMaster M.Pt.
Philosophy:

Avoidance of whiggishness:
Reasons for clarity of m.pt and b.pt. relating to identity of material and significance of changes of state.
Learner material (in appropriate language):
Phase changes and explanations
Calibration of thermometers
Teacher material (in addition to pupil material):
Elevation of B.Pt, by solutes (impurities)
Depression of F.Pt. by solutes (impurities)
Calibration of thermometers
Reasons for clarity of m.pt and b.pt. relating to identity of material and significance of changes of state.
Titrations - using glass tubing
History:
British Glass History of glass making
Wikipedia 4th century glass blowing
Wikipedia - titration history
History
Weight titrations
Philosophy:
Nature of science includes quantitative work
Avoidance of whiggishness:
Focus on analysis, largely in terms of marketing e.g. sale of spa waters but also in checking purity of purchased raw materials and sale of manufactured materials
Learner material (in appropriate language):
Biography of Francois Antoine Henri Descroizilles
Explanation of titration for teens
Teacher material (in addition to pupil material):
Use of conductance to indicate titration progress
Use of temperature to indicate titration progress
Use of effervescence to indicate titration progress
Use of indicators to indicate titration progress
Use of spectroscopy or colorimetry to indicate titration progress
Use of electrode potential to indicate titration progress